Conditions and Medications that Cause skin pigmentation

Skin Pigmentation or Dark spots on the skin, also known as hyper-pigmentation, are a popular skin problem particularly beginning in middle age.

There are a range of conditions and agents that can cause dark spots to create.

Skin Disorders that Trigger Dark Spots

Among uppermost under-recognized reasons for dark spots is post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation.

This is a dark spot that happens after some kind of trauma to the skin – especially infections like acne.

This one and other skin disorders are mentioned below:
Melasma
Riehl’s melanosis
Poikiloderma of Civatte
Erythromelanosis follicularis
Linea Fusca
Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation

Medicines that Trigger Dark Spots

Specific medications sensitize the skin to the sun and other medications can cause dark spots without any sun exposure.

What is Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation?

Uppermost common offending medications are mentioned below:

Estrogens
Tetracyclines
Amiodarone
Phenytoin
Phenothiazines
Sulfonamides

UV Light Causes Certain Sorts of Dark Spots

UV light is a primary reason for not only dark spots, but also other kinds of skin damage.

The numerous types of dark spots caused by UV light are mentioned below:

Melasma
Solar lentigines – freckles
Ephelides

Other Reasons for Dark Spots

These are other conditions or disorders that can trigger dark spots:
Pregnancy
Liver disease
Addison’s disease
Hemachromatosis
Pituitary tumors

Pigmentation treatment / Abu Dhabi

References:

Rendon, Marta and Gaviria, Jorge. Zoe Draelos. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2005.

Written or/and reviewed by a board-certified doctors/physicians on “About.com” website

 

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